Publ: View object

Last updated:

The view object has the following things on it:

  • entries: A list of all of the entries that are visible in this view
  • deleted: A list of all of the entries that were deleted from this view (with Status: GONE or Status: DELETED)

  • count: The number of visible entries in the view

  • last_modified: A last-modified time for this view (useful for feeds)

  • spec: The view’s specification (category, count, date, etc.)

    This is in the form of the arguments that would be passed to get_view to obtain this view. For example, you can use 'date' in view.spec to determine whether a view is date-based.

  • previous: The previous page for this view, based on the current sort order

  • next: The next page for this view, based on the current sort order

  • older: The previous page for this view, going back in time

  • newer: The next page for this view, going forward in time

  • pages: A list of every page for this view based on the current pagination.

    Note: This will probably be very slow; use sparingly.

  • link: The link to this view; optionally takes the following arguments:

    • category: Which category to use (defaults to the category this view is queried against)
    • template: Which template to use (defaults to the index template)
    • absolute: Whether the URL should be absolute or relative
      • False: Use a relative URL (default)
      • True: Use an absolute URL
  • first: The first entry in the view

  • last: The last entry in the view

  • newest: The newest entry in the view

  • oldest: The oldest entry in the view

  • range: A textual description of the range of entries on this view, if the view has any sort of pagination-type constraints. Takes the following optional arguments:

    • day: The format to use for daily pagination, or a time period within a month; defaults to YYYY/MM/DD
    • week: The format to use for a weekly pagination; defaults to YYYY/MM/DD
    • month: The format to use for a monthly pagination, or a time period covering multiple months; defaults to YYYY/MM
    • year: The format to use for a yearly pagination, or a tim eperiod covering multiple years; defaults to YYYY/MM
    • span: The format to use for a range of entries where the first and last entry dates differ (after formatting); defaults to {oldest} — {newest} ({count})
    • single: The format to use for a range of entries where the first and last are within the same time period; defaults to {oldest} ({count})

    If there is only a single entry in the view, the range property will be formatted for its time period directly, and it only uses the day, month, or year format.

    If there are multiple entries, then the time period is chosen with the following logic:

    • If they are within the same month, it uses day
    • If they are within the same year (but on different months), it uses month
    • Otherwise, it uses year

    Both dates are formatted based on the format corresponding to the chosen period. If they are the same, the single format is used; otherwise the span format is used. Both of these formats receive the following template values:

    • oldest: The formatted date of the earliest entry
    • newest: The formatted date of the latest entry
    • count: The number of entries in the view

    The specified formats for day month and year can be as specific as you would like; for example, if you want to always show the months in question regardless of the span, you can set all three formats to YYYY-MM, or on the other end of the spectrum you could indicate the full format down to the nanosecond if you really want to for some reason.

    Any format string accepted by Arrow is acceptable (for example, MMMM YYYY will appear as January 2012).

  • tags: Any tags that are applied to this view, provided as a (possibly-empty) list.

  • tag_add: Generates a view with one or more tags added

  • tag_remove: Generates a view with one or more tags removed

  • tag_toggle: Generates a view with one or more tags toggled

    This is useful for a tag browser where you want to be able to toggle tags on and off; for example:

    {% for name,count in category.tags %}
    <li><a href="{{view.tag_toggle(name)}}">{{name}}</a> ({{count}} entries)</li>
    {% endfor %}

Getting subviews

Any view object can also take arguments to further refine the view; the following arguments are supported:

  • category: The top-level category to consider (defaults to the current view’s category)
  • recurse: Whether to include subcategories
    • True: Include subcategories
    • False: Do not include subcategories (default)
  • future: Whether to include entries from the future
    • True: Include future entries
    • False: Do not include future entries (default)
  • date: Limit to entries based on a specified date; this can be of the format YYYY, YYYY-MM, or YYYY-MM-DD.
  • count: Limit to a maximum number of entries.

    If date is set, count has no effect.

  • entry_type: Limit to entries with a specific Entry-Type header

  • entry_type_not: Limit to entries which do NOT match a specific entry type

    These can be a single string, or it can be an array of strings. Note that these are case-sensitive (i.e. "PaGe" and "pAgE" are two different types).

    • get_view(entry_type='page') - only get entries of type “page”
    • get_view(entry_type_not='page') - only get entries which AREN’T of type “page”
    • get_view(entry_type=['news','comic']) - get entries which are of type ‘news’ or ‘comic’
    • get_view(entry_type_not=['news','comic']) - get entries of all types except ‘news’ or ‘comic’

    Mixing entry_type and entry_type_not results in undefined behavior, not that it makes any sense to do that anyway.

  • tag: Limit the view to entries which match the listed tag(s).

    The parameter can be a single string or a list of strings; if a list is given, entries which match any of the tags will be returned.

  • start: Limit the view to start with this entry, regardless of sort order

  • last: Limit the view such to none newer than the specified entry (by id or object)

  • first: Limit the view such to none older than the specified entry

  • before: Limit the view to only entries which came before the specified entry

  • after: Limit the view to only entries which came after the specified entry

  • order: What sort order to provide the entries in; one of:

    • oldest: Oldest-first
    • newest: Newest-first (default)
    • title: Sorted alphabetically by title

For example, this will print the titles of the first 10 entries in the view, including subcategories:

{% for entry in view(count=10,recurse=True) %}
{% endfor %}

If you want to use the same view refinement multiple times, you can use {% set %}:

{% set content = view(count=10,recurse=True,entry_type_not='sidebar') %}
{% if content.entries %}
{% for entry in content.entries %}
{% endfor %}
{% endif %}

view(...) vs get_view(...)

The global get_view() function creates an entirely new view from scratch, rather than basing it on the current default view. Some possible uses for this are:

  • Always having a link to the latest entry on the entire site (e.g. get_view(recurse=True).newest)
  • Properly showing the current category’s sidebar links without filtering them by date or page (e.g. get_view(category=category,entry_type='sidebar'))
  • Having a global set of sidebar links (e.g. get_view(entry_type='sidebar',recurse=True))